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What is eczema?

Eczema is an inflammatory skin condition that is also known as atopic dermatitis. Eczema causes itchy, irritated, and red scaly patches to appear on the skin. The direct causes of eczema have not been determined. Eczema can develop in childhood but may not emerge until prompted further into adulthood. Eczema can appear on the face, scalp, knees, arms, and wrists. The eczema patches appear dry and scaly. Eczema can be very irritating by causing itchiness. It is important to avoid itching the affected area because this can lead to infection. Eczema can vary from one individual to another. The condition can be associated with seasonal allergies and asthma and can be hereditary.

What are the common symptoms of eczema?

  • Dry skin
  • Sensitivity
  • Redness
  • Itchiness
  • Hyperpigmentation 
  • Scaling of the skin
  • Patching
  • Oozing or crusting
  • Swelling

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Are there other types of eczema?

There are several different forms of eczema. There is atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, nummular eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, and stasis dermatitis. 

Atomic Dermatitis

This is the most common type of eczema. The main condition is itchiness, which can cause rashes, pain, and redness on the skin. This condition can break down the skin barrier and weaken the immune system.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis occurs as a reaction to contact with environmental irritants. This can cause the skin to become both irritated and inflamed.

Dyshidrotic Eczema

Dyshidrotic eczema causes small, deep-rooted blisters to emerge on the hands and feet. The blisters are situated on sensitive spots, including between the fingers, making them extremely itchy and painful. The blisters normally take two to three weeks to heal on the skin. After they clear up, the skin is red, cracked, and dry. Common causes of Dyshidrotic eczema include increased stress, temperature changes, and moist hands. 

Nummular Eczema

Nummular eczema emerges as circular patches on the skin. The patches can appear dry, sensitive, and can ooze. 

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis commonly occurs on the scalp. This form of dermatitis can cause persistent itchiness and a rash to develop. Many individuals opt for special shampoos to treat the condition.

Stasis Dermatitis

This form of dermatitis occurs due to a lack of circulation in the legs. Symptoms include itchiness, redness, hyperpigmentation, and dryness.

What causes eczema to get better or worse?

Dry Skin 

When the skin becomes extremely dry, it can develop scales, making the eczema flare up.


Skin irritants can be found in skin products, makeup, soap, and laundry detergent. Irritants can cause eczema to flare up. Using sensitive products can decrease the number of irritants in a product.


Environmental irritants can cause an allergic reaction and trigger an eczema flare-up. These can include but are not limited to pollen, dust mites, dander from pets, dandruff, and mold.


An increase in your stress levels can trigger eczema to flare up. This can cause dryness, itchiness, and redness in the skin. Eczema can cause additional stress, making it difficult to treat.

Hot and cold temperatures 

Individuals with eczema can become overly itchy when they get hot. During the winter, the skin can become drier, leading to skin irritation and eczema.